Up The Republic!!

republic 2
For the time of year that’s in it – a look at Republicanism
irish easter lily
What is republicanism?
republicanism needs to be understood as the tradition of revolutionary practice rooted in a fundamental commitment to the value of popular sovereignty” Karma Nabulsi, Oxford University

karma nabulsi

What is Popular sovereignty?
we the people
Sovereignty rests with the people, not the king, and not the nation even, but within each person. It is based on a social contract, where all citizens are equal, free and self governing. Popular sovereignty is the founding tenet of democracy.

What is the republican tradition?
republican tradition
To create republics through revolutions.
display revolution
Republicanism underlies the principal aims of most revolutionaries (whether socialist, liberal, democrat, or communist). It inspired revolutions across Europe and the Americas in the late 18th and 19th centuries, It underlay anti-colonial struggles for liberation from Africa to Asia, Vietnam and Algeria to Palestine in the 20th century.

What are its essential features?
no taxation without representation
came from the American revolution,
republique francaise
and “Liberty, equality and fraternity” from the French. They inspired republican revolutions in the Caribbean and Latin America in the late 18th and early 19th centuries,
1848 revolutions
and the 1848 revolutions in Europe against absolute monarchies. There were other beliefs about man, society, war, patriotism, and nationalism, bearing in mind Republicanism was an international, trans-national movement.
italian flag
The Italian Republic recognizes the value of labour
Art. 1
Italy is a Democratic Republic, founded on work. Sovereignty belongs to the people, which exercises it in the forms and within the limits of the Constitution.

wolfe tone
In Ireland Theobald Wolfe Tone desired
To unite Protestant, Catholic and Dissenter under the common name of Irishmen in order break the connection with England, the never failing source of all our political evils, that was my aim“.
tone gravestone
What shaped the republican tradition?
Creating revolutions and the revolutions themselves forged ideas that shaped the tradition. The republican tradition is embedded in patterns of thought and moral codes which inspired the participants to action.

How was it shaped?
Its aims and objectives are defined within generations, as well as transmitted across them.

Who are Republicans?
Apart from a few well-known figures, Republican men and women are almost all unknown because they had to remain hidden from police, armies and spies.What they wrote was considered seditious and was published in small popular pamphlets and clandestine journals that have long disappeared. They are excluded from traditional historical narratives because these are centred on nation-states.

cell phone revolution

What did they achieve?
Blue: Presidential republics with a full presidential system.
Yellow: Countries with a semi-presidential system

Revolutionary republicans organised successfully to overthrow tyrannical governments. They had a purpose and an end that could be achieved, however long it took and whatever it cost.
killing the revolutionary

They developed theories about overturning injustice and impacted upon modern legal systems.

What were Republicans fighting against?
Concrete predicaments like a wretched present and injustices they would not reconcile themselves to. They articulated the desire to change ‘for the happiness of all’. Oppression, subjugation, and political domination are still with us today.
bobby sands quote
Prohibition of republican advocacy in the UK
The 1848 Treason Felony Act made advocacy of republicanism punishable by transportation to Australia,

later life imprisonment. The Law Lords ruled in 2003 that this law does not prohibit peaceful advocacy of the abolition of the monarchy but it remains illegal to even ‘imagine’ overthrowing the Queen and republicans can still be jailed for life. Last year Sinn Féin MLA Declan McAleer slammed the PSNI and the Public Prosecution Service for bringing him and fellow party activist Kevin McColgan to court over distribution of Easter Lilies
easter lilies
outside the Tyrone v Monaghan game at Healy Park on Easter Sunday.
This year Cllr McColgan,Sinn Féin chairman of Omagh District Council slammed the PSNI after a 42 year-old party activist was arrested and another cautioned while promoting the sale of the Easter Lily in the town.
life enprisonment

english republicanism
brit rep logo
Republic is a membership-based pressure group which lobbies and campaigns for the abolition of the monarchy in the UK. Spokesman Graham Smith said Monarchies are inevitably secretive, wasteful of taxpayers’ money and interfering with the political process.”
queen in stocks
Their mission is also to hold the monarchy and royal household to account and represent the views of republicans to a wider audience and to public authorities

Irish Republicanism
irish republicanism
While also against monarchical forms of government, Irish republicans are against the presence of the British state in any form in Ireland and advocate creating a united, all-island state, comprising the whole of Ireland.

In Northern Ireland, the term “republican” is usually used in the sense of Irish republicanism.

irish easter lily


One thought on “Up The Republic!!

  1. Pingback: Phoenix Rising – The Fenian Flame (2) | the mirror@wordpress.com

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