Time for Suicide – The Legacy of the “Troubles”

emile durkheim
the frequency of suicides within society is dependent on its moral and psychological climate”.

suicide3
If we accept Durkheim’s definition, the moral and psychological climate in Northern Ireland has been pretty dire since the GFA was signed.
hopelessness
Almost as many people have died from suicide in Northern Ireland since the signing of the Good Friday agreement as were killed during the entire Troubles.
number of killed in troubles
Overall, the suicide rate for men and women doubled in the decade after 1998. Almost 75% of the people who committed suicide had no history of previous contact with mental health services. For those who knew them, the suicide “came out of the blue.”
out of the blue
Query: Did it? Or did it come out of the “Troubles”?
troubles
Growing up in a conflict zone is linked to suicide risk.
suicide2
The World Mental Health Survey Initiative found high rates of mental disorders and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Northern Ireland due to long term exposure to crisis conditions.
bombay st
This is in addition to the well-documented rise in suicide risk for those who have direct experience of the front line of conflict.
perpetrators
victim

Query: Why?
suicide
When people have been trapped in a situation over which they had little or no control at the beginning, middle or end, they can carry an intense sense of dread even after that situation is removed. This is because they know how bad things can possibly be. And they know that it could possibly happen again. And they know that if it ever does happen again, it might be worse than before.
Digital Capture
Among the various theories that have been developed to explain suicide, the “cry of pain” or “arrested flight” model seems most suitable to Northern Ireland.
trapped
Suicidal behaviour is an attempt to escape from the feeling of entrapment – i.e. the inability, or perceived inability, to escape from a negative environment or from one’s own inner turmoil (lack of problem-solving skills), after suffering a defeat, loss or humiliation (due to past trauma or adversity e.g. war/conflict), and the perception that there is no chance of being rescued (hopelessness)
hopelessness

The conflict has had, and continues to have, deep and widespread effects because it has been the context of daily life and experience for decades.

prof michael tomlinson

Professor Michael TomlinsonThe long-term violent conflict had a profound impact, because no matter which side people were on, all sides of the political divide ended up sanctioning violence to some extent.

A culture of violence “seeped into everyday life.”
The transition to peace means that cultures of externalized aggression are no longer socially approved or politically acceptable. Violence and aggression have become more internalized instead.

trapped inside

Query: How do we talk about the past and present suffering of people?
david becker
Leading psychologist Dr David Becker
When you have a history of war and violent conflict you have to do something with this past which is not only in terms of justice and peace talks and whatever, but there is the psychological process of change involved
healing2
When things hurt we would like them to be past and gone by and over but you need room to grieve, you need people to confirm to you what happened. In a big way grief processes, healthy processes have a lot to do with acknowledgement, with sharing, with talking and recognising what has been lost and when that doesn’t happen people develop depressive processes“.

Query: What should we not do in cases of long-term PTSD?
Do not push your own agenda. Do not proselytize, moralize, speak in absolutes, tell them to “get over it”, or try to force reconciliation with the perpetrator or offer “sure fire” cures.
fallen angel

http://bombayfc.com/ardoyne/

At a societal level it was suggested that social deprivation, the trauma legacy of the conflict and the transition out of conflict were highly significant in creating a sense of hopelessness in the community where these young people were growing up.

fallen angel

http://psychcentral.com/lib/suicide-risk-for-children-of-northern-irelands-troubles/00018253
http://www.hcp.med.harvard.edu/wmh/
http://rubypsblog.global2.vic.edu.au/
http://www.irishtimes.com/news/health/suicide-deaths-since-1998-almost-equal-to-troubles-killings-1.1685549
http://www.irishcentral.com/news/education/Suicide-death-rate-in-Northern-Ireland-almost-equal-to-Troubles-deaths.html
http://calls.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Filetoupload226155en.pdf
http://www.u.tv/News/NI-suicide-rate-linked-to-Troubles/3e520cab-9e95-456d-9dd1-df03428f30e1
http://collections.lacma.org/node/186476
http://rene-chaos.deviantart.com/art/hopelessness-95704523
http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread947029/pg1
http://contactni.com/cmsfiles/ContactResearchReport/Contact-Main-Report-Exploring-a-Community-Response-to-Multiple-Deaths-of-Young-People-by-Suicide.pdf
http://www.goodfuneralguide.co.uk/category/suicide/
http://outofthefog.net/Disorders/CPTSD.html
http://thetyee.ca/ArtsAndCulture/2010/11/12/OutOfTheBlue/
http://www.robert-priseman.com/projects/northern-ireland-the-troubles/
http://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/michael-tomlinson(fe3dda08-10fa-4807-8538-6e51c025f87e).html
http://www.scoilursula.com/26/post/2012/04/northern-ireland.html
http://www.forumzfd-akademie.de/en-af/user/1489/User
http://australianculturalsociology.wordpress.com/2012/09/28/symposium-review-emile-durkheims-elementary-forms-of-religious-life/
http://www.deviantart.com/morelikethis/artists/369584152?view_mode=2

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s