Today we have a guest post by Gryphon
who I hope will become a regular contributor
When you are emigrating, where are you going and why?
Quality of life and self-development are key motivations
Present day migrants
” … are no longer solely motivated by employment opportunities but rather seek out personal development and improved quality of life. They are highly mobile, often engaging in circular or serial migration and open to further mobility.”
Professor James Wickham, Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences (Trinity College Dublin)
Trinity’s Employment Research Centre (ERC) showed that, besides traditional patterns of move-work-settle emigration,
present day migrants are engaging in new forms of migration (commuting and serial migration).New patterns include serial migration; stepping stone migration, where people relocated onwards;
and exploratory migration, where people use one country as a base for a move to another country.Just a few migrants will ‘drop anchor’, many seem to operate with a sense of onward movement, ‘with a suitcase at the ready’.
April 2012-13:Total emigration from Ireland 89,000 (+ 2.2% previous year).
50,900 (57.2%) were Irish:
21,900(24.6% ) went to the UK
15,400 (17.3 %) went to Australia
Are these data accurate?
Stephen McLarnon says “stats paint wrong picture because the official stats ignores the thousands of Irish people who are only leaving on temporary visas”
“You only have to look at the type of visas to establish this. They are temporary, lasting up to three or four years. Those who go on to become permanent residents are only a fraction of the total number,”
The Australian Department of Immigration’s annual report showed that 34,350 Irish people were living in Australia on temporary visas in 2013.4
Irish people prefer moving to English speaking countries to avoid the language barriers.
People from other parts of Europe, like Italy or Spain, choose Ireland or the UK as their destination, not only to find a better place to live, but also to improve/learn English.
Migration within Europe
Is it important?
Should we consider Europe as a one system or still reason in terms of National States?
Europe is not the USA, for sure. In the USA talking about migration between California and Nevada doesn’t make much sense, although movement of people makes a difference for the individual State economy.
Should we consider the inward and outward movement of Europeans to see where Europe’s weaknesses lie?
In the past decade Europe has started many programs like the Erasmus program to integrate European citizens and to create a European identity,
yet each State has its own tax regime, social scheme and economy. Each State is competing with the others
and yet are forced to be together. Migration is linked to the economy.
Should the economic crisis within Europe be solved “locally “ or on a European scale?
Eliminate internal European competition. Standardize wages, taxes, social security, working conditions etc. So the world knows “in Europe we work like this” . States should support each other like a one whole nation and demand more of countries applying to join the EU.